It was the night of 3rd December 1984 when thousands of people went to sleep in the lap of Bhopal unaware of the fact that they would never wake up again.
The Union Carbide factory is located in Bhopal, a town in Madhya Pradesh.
In early December 1984, most of the plant’s MIC related safety systems were either not functioning or were in poor maintenance.
On midnight of 2nd Dec, 40 tonnes of toxic MIC gas was leaked from the plant while being transferred from tank no 610 to 611.
Tank 610 contained 40 tonnes of deadly gas called methyl isocyanate (MIC) violating the safety norms and came in contact with water which caused exothermic reaction
The MIC gas leak emanating from tank E610 started spreading out at approximately 2:00 a.m.
Nearly 36 tones of poisonous MIC gas released into the usually pleasant air of Bhopal.
Management was underprepared and so was the administration
Most city residents inhaled the MIC gas as they opened their doors to investigate the situation
People started coughing, their eyes watered and throats ran dry
Smog was everywhere causing low visibility, people were dying
The gas kept spreading killing all of them who were inhaling it.
Death flew in the air. The same air that had been blowing air to the lungs of Bhopalites since ages, sucked lives like a thirsty demon
According to the govt records, nearly 3000 people died within hours and over 1 lakh were left injured.
However, NGOs claim the govt data was inaccurate and nearly 30,000 people died and 5 lakhs were left with permanent disabilities
Deceased Warren Anderson, the alleged chief culprit behind this disaster, had fled from India to escape trial by the Indian judiciary and never came back
when the gas leak occurred, CM Arjun Singh fled outside Bhopal and was not available to manage the crisis or lead the administration
unofficial media reports have clearly stated how the authorities through Arjun Singh, Bhopal CM,
had ordered for safe passage for Anderson from India.
There was no relied work for few days, bodies were simply dumped
at cremation/ burial grounds
Even today, victims are giving birth to babies born with unwanted congenital diseases or severe deformities.
The fight for justice in whatever form is still ongoing,
as generations of victims continue to deal with the effects of the tragedy.
Bhopal gas tragedy is even today considered as the world’s worst industrial disaster