The Supreme Court backs banning female genital mutilation and questions the practice being used in Bohra Muslim communities saying none has the right to violate the integrity of women.
A bench headed by The Chief Justice Of India also pointed out that such acts come under the POSCO Act (Prevention of Children from Sexual Offences).
“Why should anybody be allowed to touch the genital of a human being? Why bodily integrity should be violated and compromised?” asked the Bench.

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FGM or “khatna” is a practice prevalent among the Dawoodi Bohra religious community of Shia sect. Female genital mutilation involves cutting of the clitoral head, usually done by the midwives in unhygienic conditions.
This all started when an advocate and two Bohra women filed a PIL demanding a law that could support Muslim women against female circumcision saying it violated their rights. The petition said the circumcision causes pain during menstruation and sexual intercourse, loss of libido and even pain during urination.


World Health Organisation (WHO ) report points out how Female Genital Mutilation affects the health of a woman. Attorney general K K Venugopal, on behalf of the Centre, agreed with the bench’s view that it is a crime.
However, the court has also decided to hear a plea from the Dawoodi Bohra Women’s Association for Religious Freedom. According to a report by The Hindu, Senior advocate A.M. Singhvi, appearing for the group, said, “khafz/female circumcision as practised by the Dawoodi Bohra community is not female genital mutilation. It was an essential part of their religion and protected under the Constitution.”


According to a report by The Hindustan Times, CJI Misra said: “These petitions have been filed by women. And if they do not want it, then it cannot be imposed.”
World Health Organisation says, female genital mutilation often leads to repeated infections, cysts, infertility, childbirth complications requiring repeated surgeries.
United Nations has shown its disapproval towards this practice and the same has been banned in USA, UK, Australia, Canada and 27 African countries.

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